You may remember, but following a number of recommendations at Pubcon 2016, I decided to run an experiment to see what would happen if I removed a disavow file from a previously penalised domain:
I've just deleted disavow file for experiment site which was previously hit by penguin penalty – here's benchmark, will report back! #pubcon pic.twitter.com/kW7j9ik023
— Kevin Gibbons (@kevgibbo) October 13, 2016
At the time, it seemed to me that there were a lot of opinions on this, but no-one had actually tried it – or at least they hadn’t publicly shared the results…
So that was my goal, to run a controlled experiment where everyone could learn from the findings.
I picked a website I’ve had for a long time:
- The domain had previously received a Google penguin penalty in May 2012
- This recovered in October 2013 following disavowing links and reconsideration requests
- The site generated a reasonable amount of traffic ~40,000 organic visits per month
- And from the penalty removal, still had 977 domains actively disavowed
More info: penalty was early penguin (May 2012) and fully revoked in Oct 2013 – disavow file contains 977 domains #pubcon pic.twitter.com/KI3GLY5a2w
— Kevin Gibbons (@kevgibbo) October 13, 2016
Digging deeper into this, we found that because a lot of the links were historical, 28% of the links were now dead, with a further 3% as domains listed for sale – that meant that 69% were still active (674 unique domains in total):
Of course, some link penalties could have expired too (after-all, the penalty had been removed for 3 years by this point).
In which case because of the time period involved, that would indicate that perhaps the disavow was now unnecessary.
The early results saw positive, but inconclusive signs…
After 1 week, this showed that the average position had dropped slightly, then increased slightly – but nothing out of the ordinary and overall across the week has dropped from an average of 10.2 to 10.4.
In addition to this, the daily clicks has increased by 1,982 to 2,181:
(Google Search Console report)
After 2 weeks, the average position of rankings has dropped after my last update, but quickly rose back up – from an initial starting point of 10.2 (13th October), the average position dropped to a low of 11.6 (19th October) and then rose to a high of 9.8 (25th Oct) before returning to 10.2 (26th Oct):
I kept a close eye on this throughout, but the early conclusion was potentially that these are positive signs, but overall, it was too early and inconclusive at this stage to be recommending that removing your disavow file is a sensible move.
Fast-forward to month 4… and results still seemed relatively static in Search Console:
@glenngabe I keep meaning to update you on this – but disavow test rankings very static, clicks marginally up (over last 90 days)… pic.twitter.com/Og9bIY28Xq
— Kevin Gibbons (@kevgibbo) February 8, 2017
In which case, it’s becoming safer to say that perhaps removing the disavow file had no impact.
There’s still other factors to consider, like the age/potential expiry of links, but in this particular case it’s starting to look like removing the disavow wasn’t as crazy an idea as it may have initially sounded.
Month 5 organic traffic has increased by 37.31%!
Having now given this 5 months since the disavow file was removed, I decided to take another look back at progress.
I want to make it clear that no other activity has taken place on this site, in terms of on-site optimisation, publishing new content, PPC/other channels, or the active addition (or removal) of links…
Obviously there may have been other factors at play, Google’s algorithm updates being the big one, or competitor activity. But of the factors in our control, the disavow file removal was the only thing that changed.
Firstly looking at Google Search Console data for the last 90 days vs the start of the test, you can see that;
- The average position is now up to 8.3, from 10.3 (which is a -19.4% improvement, if that makes sense!)
- Average CTR has increased from 6.75% to 8.26% (22.3% increase)
Looking back at this, although I didn’t want to get too carried away with an early uplift – it’s pretty clear to see that the impact to organic traffic was fairly immediate, and it has been sustained since.
The peak of the traffic in mid-Feb, saw 16,151 sessions (44.7% increase vs the Oct benchmark) – and last week saw 13,911 sessions (24.6% increase).
As you can see, seasonality is very flat – and when viewed as a year-on-year comparison, you can see that there has been a 37.31% increase in organic traffic:
Why did rankings/traffic increase?
I think the biggest impact from this would be that within the disavow file, there are likely some positive links as well as negative. So in removing the disavow, bear in mind that many links have been turned back on.
When disavowing, you want to get out of the penalty and maybe need to disavow a wider net of links to get this removed. But in time, and once out of the penalty, it’s interesting to see that in this case the net effect is a positive gain.
I would still be cautious in removing your disavow file completely, especially if coming off the back of a recent penalty, or freshly disavowed links – but based on this we’ve certainly seen good reason to re-visit which domains are disavowed and looking to at least prune down the list to a limited number in stages.
Although this was quite an extreme test to remove the disavow in one go – overall, I would class this as a very positive result!